HARRIET TUBMAN, “HONEST” ABE and THOMAS ALVA EDISON: Movies and the Age of Steam

Movies in the Age of Steam

The age of motion pictures – or movies (“moving pictures”) – began at the end of the nineteenth century with the invention – and patenting – of a device called a Kinetoscope, an early motion picture exhibition device designed for films to be viewed individually through the window of a cabinet housing its components. This device was conceptualized by Thomas Edison and developed by his employee, William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, in 1890.

The Kinetoscope allowed a series of transparencies to be recorded sequentially onto a single strip of negative film. Once this film was developed, printed and replayed at original recording speed, it created the illusion of moving pictures.

Once the technology was perfected, business-minded men pounced upon it like sharks on a sea lion, opening nickelodeons – the first type of indoor exhibition space dedicated to showing projected motion pictures with the Kinetoscope (usually set up in converted storefronts, these small, simple theaters charged five cents for admission, thus the name) – across the United States.

A third of these businessmen – being the smart sharks that they were – pilfered Edison’s work and built “Kinetoscopes” of their own. Patent laws and other such inconvenient balderdash be damned!

Another third – being the not-so-smart, but gangsta, sharks that they were – stole Edison’s equipment and set up shop.

The remaining third – being the wiser-than-their-brethren sharks that they were – actually purchased the equipment legally and in strict adherence to U.S. patent laws.

Edison took everyone who violated his patent to court and won every suit – being the relentless and ruthless shark hunter that he was.

The up-and-coming sharks – all based on the East Coast, within a seashell’s throw of Edison’s lawyers – figured, correctly, that being so close, they would only be caught and jailed, or fined heavily, if they pilfered from old Tom Alva.

So, the sharks fled the East Coast and swam west to avoid scrutiny by Edison’s agents, or by government officials.

Since sunny California was as far west as they could travel and still be in the good old U.S. of A, that is where most of the sharks permanently set up shop.

This “second gold rush” led to a flood of silent movies pouring out of California.

These films were the work of such men as Cecil B. DeMille; Adolph Zukor, founder of Paramount; and William Fox, founder of what is now Twentieth Century Fox.

Yippee Ki-yay

Since most of California was still undeveloped at that time, most of the films made in the wild, wild, west were, well…westerns.

Filmmakers who created westerns had no need for elaborate sets. They only needed a couple of horses, a couple of stars – one, tin; the other, a celebrity who earned a whopping five dollars per film – a doe-eyed damsel in distress, some open land and a hill or two.

Many filmmakers simply purchased a vacant lot, erected a few rudimentary sets – which they recycled from movie to movie – and called it a studio. To this day, film studios are still called lots – a carryover from their humble beginnings.

Movies set in the Age of Steam

Today, this American art form, born during the Age of Steam, is now being used to give birth to films set in America during the same era – uniquely American Steampunk movies.

Released June 22 worldwide, Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter opened third in the box office behind two animated movies – Brave and Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted (just can’t compete with the kiddy movies, unless you’re the Dark Knight or the Amazing Spider-Man).

And if you just cannot get enough of Abraham Lincoln offing the undead, check out Abraham Lincoln vs. Zombies. If you can stay awake, you just might enjoy a chuckle or two.

On the (shark) tails of ol’ bloodsucker stakin’, walking dead decapitatin’,  “Honest” Abe comes the short, Steamfunk film, Rite of Passage: Initiation – written and directed by Yours Truly, based on the story Rite of Passage, by author Milton J. Davis – which, if I may say so myself, is Blacknificent!

What makes this film so awesome is the genius of the actors – Dasie Thames and Iyalogun-Osun Ojetade (yep, we’re related – she’s my wife) who were not only incredible thespians, but performed all their own stunts and fight scenes. People will never see Harriet Tubman the same.

This film is chock full o’ genius, as is indicated by the brilliant work of cinematographer Imed “Kunle” Patman and camera operator, Brandon Lamar Davis. These extraordinary gentlemen made me look good and made my job easy. They both have a great eye for action and Mr. Patman brought his experience and mega-talent as both a cinematographer and an editor to the film.

Not to be outdone, Alana Davis – our photographer took some amazing shots of the action and drama and our composer – Dion Wake – produced a powerful score that is part Ennio Morricone (the Good, the Bad and the Ugly; A Fistful of Dollars), part Benny Carter (Buck and the Preacher) and part Mario Paint (Gonna Fly Now / Rocky’s Theme; Eye of the Tiger).

Finally, Co-Producer, Milton Davis, our Associate Producer – Danny “Akin” Donaldson – and Gabriel Adeyeye, our Boom Operator, helped raise Rite of Passage: Initiation to a level of creativity, power and beauty beyond my wildest expectations.

And this is just the beginning.

After we premiere Rite of Passage: Initiation on August 4 at the State of Black Science Fiction Film Festival (for more on the film festival, check out http://chroniclesofharriet.com/2012/05/31/adapting-stories-into-screenplays-and-a-brief-history-of-the-first-steamfunk-movie-video/), we will raise funds to shoot Rite of Passage as a five episode series and then either present it as a web series or pitch it as a series to a few local television channels.

Our goal is to bring quality, entertaining Steamfunk into homes worldwide. Expect no less.

Long live the Steamfunk Movement! (http://chroniclesofharriet.com/2012/05/13/the-steamfunk-movement/)

About Balogun

Balogun is the author of the bestselling Afrikan Martial Arts: Discovering the Warrior Within and screenwriter / producer / director of the films, A Single Link and Rite of Passage: Initiation. He is one of the leading authorities on Steamfunk – a philosophy or style of writing that combines the African and / or African American culture and approach to life with that of the steampunk philosophy and / or steampunk fiction – and writes about it, the craft of writing, Sword & Soul and Steampunk in general, at http://chroniclesofharriet.com/. He is author of three novels – the Steamfunk bestseller, MOSES: The Chronicles of Harriet Tubman (Books 1 & 2); the Urban Science Fiction saga, Redeemer; and the Sword & Soul epic, Once Upon A Time In Afrika and contributing co-editor of two anthologies: Ki: Khanga: The Anthology and Steamfunk. At present, Balogun is directing and fight choreographing the Steamfunk feature film, Rite of Passage, which he wrote based on the short story, Rite of Passage, by author Milton Davis. He is one of the leading authorities on Steamfunk –a philosophy or style of writing that combines the African and / or African American culture and approach to life with that of the steampunk philosophy and / or steampunk fiction – and writes about it, the craft of writing, Sword & Soul and Steampunk in general, at http://chroniclesofharriet.com/. He is author of three novels – the Steamfunk bestseller, MOSES: The Chronicles of Harriet Tubman (Books 1 & 2); the science fiction gangster saga, Redeemer; and the Sword & Soul epic, Once Upon A Time In Afrika. He is also co-creator of the soon-to-be-released role-playing game, Ki-Khanga™: The Sword & Soul RPG. Balogun is Master Instructor of the Afrikan Martial Arts Institute and Technical Director of Martial Ministries of America, a non-profit organization that serves at-risk youth. He is also a traditional African priest, actor and conflict resolution specialist, who works and lives in Atlanta, Georgia with his wife, his seven daughters and his son.

5 responses »

  1. Milton says:

    I’m honored to be a part of this project. We’re starting a movement!

  2. srtorris says:

    First, congrats! I think it’s wonderful, the work you’ve put into making this movement move and it not be a “stayment” or a “flap-your-jibs-complainingment” if ya dig me.

    I suggest that you hit up Oprah’s network and Magic Johnson has just launched a new network… http://www.mlive.com/entertainment/index.ssf/2012/06/magic_johnsons_new_television.html

    I for one am tired of seeing new shows come to network television and cable with the same white guy/woman saves the world w/a Black or Asian sidekick in tow. Now don’t get me wrong, there are some VERY good shows coming out on televison. But with statistics pointing at the fact that in the next 15 to 20 years America will be brown, the rest of the world make up people of color – how the hell do you tell dystopian stories with little or NO colored folks in them? During the Victorian Age and before Africans had a tremendous effect on the history of Europe (even Shakespeare knew that) yet these “Period Pieces” conveniently leave that part out – unless Africans are slaves.

    You guys go and get your stuff on TV. There should be no reason we can’t see it – unless it’s horrible. Nope, that’s not a reason because I watch TV and I see some ragged BS on it every day! Look, how many stations are going to carry Martin, The Cosby Show, and Goodtimes before enough is a damn NUFF!

    • Balogun says:

      Thanks, so much, for your comment. I, too, tire of seeing us in powerless, subordinate roles and I am working hard to change that.
      I do not want to just bring Steamfunk to television and th big screen…I want to – and will – bring GREAT Steamfunk to television and the big screen!

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