Amber; cover by James Eugene; from the YA novel by Milton Davis

Amber; cover by James Eugene; from the YA novel by Milton Davis

Yesterday, it was announced that author Milton Davis, Yours Truly and artist Sarah Bowman (Macklin) – known worldwide as S-Sama – will collaborate to create the manga version of Amber, a YA novel penned by Milton Davis.

Milton will publish; I will write the graphic script and Sarah will illustrate the work.

For those who are scratching their heads, wondering just what the heck ‘manga’ is, ask any teenager in the world and they can tell you. If no teenager is nearby, read on.

‘Manga’ is the Japanese word commonly used as the name of the genre for all comic books or graphic novels published in Japan. Manga has a certain style, recognizable in its artwork and in its literary tropes.

While manga is typically read by teenagers outside of Japan, there are publications aimed at both children and adults.

Bob Makihara, from the manga "Tenjou Tenge" by Oh! great (Ito Ogure).

Bob Makihara, from the manga “Tenjou Tenge” by Oh! great (Ito Ogure).

In Japan, however, all ages read manga, which is considered literature rather than “just a comic book”. In Japan, manga is so popular its yearly sales reach the billions.

Manga is often adapted into animated television programs and films called ‘anime’. Examples include Pokémon, Naruto, Yu-Gi-Oh! and my personal favorite, Death Note.

Krag of Kragmire, "The First Steampunk".

Krag of Kragmire, “The First Steampunk”.

Like most people born in America, my introduction to the Japanese style of graphic storytelling began with anime. As a four year old, I would sit in awe as I witnessed the adventures of Prince Planet – known in Japan as Planet Boy Papi – which tells the story of Prince Planet – a member of the Universal Peace Corps – from the planet Radion, who is sent to Earth to determine if our world meets standards for membership in the Galactic Union of Worlds and to assist its inhabitants during his stay. While on this mission, Prince Planet adopts the identity of an Earth boy named Bobby (‘Papi’) who, along with a band of human comrades, fights the forces of evil, both alien and terrestrial. In fact, my favorite villain of all time, who I call the “first Steampunk”, is Krag of Kragmire, Prince Planet’s greatest nemesis.

A couple of decades later, I introduced my children to the anime film Princess Mononoke and thus began their love of the art form. I later got them hooked on Death Note – the anime and the manga. Now, one of my daughters is so into manga and anime, she has become fluent in Japanese and Korean and plans to write manga of her own.

Miyuki Ayukawa, from the anime / manga, "Basquash" by Tetsuya Hayashi.

Miyuki Ayukawa, from the anime / manga, “Basquash” by Tetsuya Hayashi.

Black people in the United States – like nearly everyone else – have been heavily into anime since the early 70s and into manga since the early 90s. The well-plotted stories, incredible technology, fearsome creatures, cool characters, over-the-top comedy and eye-popping action are masterfully combined to make science fiction and fantasy palatable for all.

Most fans of the genre are unaware, however, that the visual approach and concepts of manga was introduced to the Western world by a Black man – Vernon Ethelbert Grant.

Vernon E. Grant, father of  Western manga / anime.

Vernon E. Grant, father of Western manga / anime.

Grant, known for his digest-sized comic book series, The Love Rangers, was born February 14, 1935. Always artistically inclined, Grant earned money as a child by drawing cartoons for birthday cards. After graduating from Ridge Technical High School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he studied for a year in Boston at the Vesper George School of Art and then joined the Army in 1958 at the age of 23.

While in Europe as an airborne and air assault sergeant, Grant studied Japanese and French.

Grant was eventually sent to Tokyo, where he worked as a regular cartoonist for Stars and Stripes – the official newspaper of the Unites States Army. It was in Tokyo that he developed a strong fascination with Japanese comics. He also wrote and drew for Japan’s English-language newspapers, including the Mainichi Daily News.

In the late 1960s, while in Vietnam, Grant became interested in comic books. As he recalled: “When I purchased a French comic magazine in Saigon in 1967, it was the first comic book contact that I had in more than ten years. It reminded me of my early experiments with drawing color comics in grammar school…In 1968 I was discharged from the United States Army in Japan and began studies in Japanese history and culture at Sophia University in Tokyo…In 1972, while still in school, I saw and read my first issue of an underground comic book, The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers.  This publication was quite an interesting item for me. I had heard of underground comic books but had, until that time, never seen one. I was very impressed.

During the years he lived in Japan, Grant wrote and drew several graphic novels, including the two-volume military satire, Point-Man Palmer and A Monster is Loose in Tokyo (Tuttle, 1972) about the life of a foreigner in Japan.

The Love Rangers, by Vernon E. Grant.

The Love Rangers, by Vernon E. Grant.

When he returned to Cambridge, he created The Love Rangers, his science-fiction comic book series about a racially mixed space crew traveling the universe. Between 1977 and 1988, Grant published seven issues of The Love Rangers in a 36-page, 5½”x8½” format.

The series follows the lives and adventures of a number of officers, robots and members of a squad of genetically engineered Love Rangers that live on the spaceship called “Home”. It is an immense structure, housing 35,000 individuals on its seven levels. While some of the action in the stories takes place on board, many of the episodes in his comic books take place on planets they visit. The ship is commanded by a male and female Shipmaster who share equally in all responsibilities. One of the dominant characters is Princess Tomi, who single-handedly leads her Mice People in their battle against the Owls for survival. There are robots and devices in the ship that the U.S. military incorporated some ten to 15 years after Vernon had already incorporated them into his series. The fuel that powers the ship is the feelings of discord and hate that emanates from different parts of the universe. At times the Love Rangers have to use weapons to control the warring inhabitants of the different planets they visit, but they attempt to first use their “love gas” to change the path of history. In the first book, the love gas helps change the consciousness of Count Ratalus from having a killing drive to flooding his mind with an understanding of history as well as nature’s instinctive patterns. When this happens, a well of human compassion overrides his coded savagery. He stops himself from killing Prince Tug, and they go off to work together peacefully for the betterment of the mice people and toward peaceful co-existence with their enemies, the Owls.

On July 7, 2006, Grant suffered a heart attack while on a daily run, injuring his head when he fell. He went into a coma and died two weeks later on July 23.

Grant’s work is included in Michigan State University‘s Comic Art Collection.


Manga / anime facial study by Setor Fiadzibey.

Manga / anime facial study by Setor Fiadzibey.

There are several Black mangaka, or manga creators – most unpublished, unfortunately – who are doing incredible work. Most popular among these are our own Sarah Bowman / S-Sama, the talented Latif-Saeed and the brilliant sister, Nashya.

Finally, from Ghana, is visual storyteller extraordinaire, Setor Fiadzibey, author / artist of the graphic novel Adinkra, the Legend of the Bearers, which is about a group of people, separated by tribes but united by a divine being known as the Great Weaver, an autocratic king and a common enemy known as the Shadow.

Having wrestled with the Shadow through countless generations, the Great Weaver shares his immense power with certain individuals, known as Bearers, who would deliver the people from his dark nemesis. Each Bearer is born with an adinkra symbol that grants them great power and compels them to do the bidding of the Great Weaver.

Adinkra is the tale of those Bearers, their struggles with the Shadow, their struggles with their humanity – even though they have divinity in them – and their pursuit of victory over both.

Amber will soon join Adinkra in delivering an amazing manga that is sure to entertain and inspire fans of anime, manga and fantasy of all ages. Look for it in Spring, 2014.




About Balogun

Balogun is the author of the bestselling Afrikan Martial Arts: Discovering the Warrior Within and screenwriter / producer / director of the films, A Single Link, Rite of Passage: Initiation and Rite of Passage: The Dentist of Westminster. He is one of the leading authorities on Steamfunk – a philosophy or style of writing that combines the African and / or African American culture and approach to life with that of the steampunk philosophy and / or steampunk fiction – and writes about it, the craft of writing, Sword & Soul and Steampunk in general, at He is author of eight novels – the Steamfunk bestseller, MOSES: The Chronicles of Harriet Tubman (Books 1 & 2); the Urban Science Fiction saga, Redeemer; the Sword & Soul epic, Once Upon A Time In Afrika; a Fight Fiction, New Pulp novella, Fist of Afrika; the gritty, Urban Superhero series, A Single Link and Wrath of the Siafu; the two-fisted Dieselfunk tale, The Scythe and the “Choose-Your-Own-Destiny”-style Young Adult novel, The Keys. Balogun is also contributing co-editor of two anthologies: Ki: Khanga: The Anthology and Steamfunk. Finally, Balogun is the Director and Fight Choreographer of the Steamfunk feature film, Rite of Passage, which he wrote based on the short story, Rite of Passage, by author Milton Davis and co-author of the award winning screenplay, Ngolo. You can reach him on Facebook at; on Twitter @Baba_Balogun and on Tumblr at

26 responses »

  1. Tonya R. Moore says:

    I’m definitely a huge Japanophile and fan of anime/manga. There are some titles here that I’m going to have to get my hands on. I’m really looking forward to Amber, the manga. What a wonderful undertaking!

  2. Amber says:

    First, woah, how have I never found this place before? Second, how have I never heard of “Amber” before? Especially because…well, Amber’s my name! Third, how have I never head of Vernon Grant before? His comics sound like so much fun, I wonder if I can hunt some down.

    And of course, I will be tracking down “Amber!”

  3. Milton says:

    Looking forward to working with you and Sarah, Balogun. It’s always exciting starting a project that deserves to happen. Hoping our children will enjoy the Amber manga the most!

    • Balogun says:

      I am sure they will, Milton!
      I am very much excited about this project. You and I do exceptional work together and with Sarah’s creative genius added to the mix, i know the “Amber” manga will be nothing short of Blacknificent! One day soon, our children will beam with pride as they see others cosplaying characters from “Amber”!

  4. Sarah M. says:

    I can’t wait to get started! Most of all, my eldest daughter will be 13 next year so I’m terribly excited to show her when it’s done. This is going to be great!

  5. This is so awesome!!! I found this site because of The Brother fan page on facebook.I had seen the cover art a while back on fb, but had no idea there was a story behind it.I come from a family of black nerds and they are gonna drop some bricks when i show them this. My family loves anime and manga this is right up our alley.I sense some awesome cosplay in my familes future!!!

  6. […] Chronicles of Harriet […]

  7. Fujimoto says:

    Thank you so much for spreading the story of Vernon Grant. I’m glad to have heard of him now.

    So that’s the cover to Amber? I had seen the picture before but I didn’t know it was cover art. I’m very interested in seeing the book now.

    Heh, I love Miyuki from Basquash! That program has so many interesting character designs.

    This brings up a topic I’ve been interested in for a time now. After coming to realize there are so few black people represented in manga/anime/Japanese games (and that my friends rarely had anyone not Asian or Caucasian in their stories), it lead me to writing manga-influenced stories with black characters. The two main ideas I want to try are urban fantasy/horror, and sword and soul/steamfunk epic.

  8. latif says:

    Thank you so much for the good words sir. This article was a very profound read and a subject that should be paid more attention to in this climate.

    Looking forward to the release of Amber. Much success to all of it.

  9. latifsaeed says:

    Thank you for the kind words sir.
    The article was a very profound read. It’s a subject that should be talked about more, but is mysteriously swept under the rug.
    Looking forward to the release of Amber, Much success with everything that goes with it.

  10. Ken says:

    Working on one myself. A romantic comedy of a semi-supernatural sort. My first real encounter with anime was in the late 80’s. I fell in love with anime the second I saw ‘Nadia and The Secret of Blue Water’. Been there ever since. 🙂

  11. Jeni says:

    Hi. I recently stumbled on this article and it is GREAT to see people posting about this stuff from an African/Black standpoint. I love anime and manga and definitely want to read these stories. I tried looking for Adinkra online but I couldn’t find it. Is there a website I can order it from?

  12. Venus says:

    I really like black anime and I would like to have someone design one for me but I can’t find anyone. If you know of somebody please let me know. Thanks.

  13. jazmine says:

    Great read! I see it’s been published for a while now, I’m hoping to get a response however! 🙂 my daughter LOVES LOVES LOVES manga, and anime! I think it’s paramount that she knows some of its roots include people with whom she can relate! I’m going to share this article with her…she begged me to watch Death Note with her! Lol. Please, where can I find Amber?

  14. Francky Tene says:

    im also working here and there to make my own manga and would love it to be published if intrested please leave me message on Facebook

  15. Reblogged this on adaratrosclair and commented:
    I’m an anime and manga fanatic and enjoyed reading this. 🙂

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